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Facts About Covid-19

Short Overview on Covid 19:

Covid 19 (Corona Virus disease) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered virus. The virus coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China in 2019. It is a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the fever, common cold, cough and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
The COVID 19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it is important that you also practice respiratory etiquette for example; by coughing into a flexed elbow.
Handwash - Covid-19

Symptoms of Covid-19 (Corona Virus Disease):

Symptoms of COVID 19 (corona virus disease) may appear within three to 15 days after exposure. The time after exposure and before having symptoms is known as The Incubation Period.
Most common symptoms of Covid 19 (corona virus disease) include:
  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Cough
  • Tiredness
Less common symptoms:
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eyes)
  • Diarrhoea
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Aches and Pains
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Skin disorders / infections like, discolouration of fingers or toes and rash on skin
  • Chest pain
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
Some serious symptoms of Covid 19:
  • Loss of speech or movement
  • Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
  • Severe chest pain or pressure
Note: This list is not inclusive of all symptoms or signs of Covid 19 (corona virus disease). Children may have similar symptoms to adults and generally will have mild illness.
The severity of Covid 19 (corona virus disease) symptoms can range from mild to severe. Some people may have only a few symptoms and some may have no symptoms at all. Some people may experience worsened symptoms, such as worsened shortness of breath and pneumonia, about few days after symptoms begin.
People who are aged have higher risk of serious illness from Covid 19 (corona virus disease) and risk increases with age. People who have existing medical treatments may also have a higher risk of serious illness. Certain medical conditions that may increase the risk of serious illness from Covid 19 (corona virus disease) includes:
  • Cancer
  • Asthma
  • Smoking
  • Dementia
  • Pregnancy
  • Liver disease
  • Down syndrome
  • High blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Substance use disorders
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Sickle cell disease or thalassemia
  • Brain and nervous system conditions
  • Overweight, obesity or severe obesity
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Weakened immune system from solid organ transplants
  • Chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis or pulmonary fibrosis
  • Weakened immune system from bone marrow transplant, HIV or some medications
  • Serious heart diseases, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy

Note: This list is not inclusive of all medical conditions that may increase the risk of serious illness from Covid 19 (corona virus disease). Other underlying medical conditions may also increase the risk of serious illness.


Prevention of Covid-19 (corona virus disease):

To prevent infection and to slow down transmission of Covid 19, do as mentioned below:
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based sanitiser.
  • Always wear your clean and hygiene masks.
  • Maintain at least one metre distance between you and people sneezing or coughing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell or tired.
  • Practice distancing by stopping unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.
  • Refrain from smoking and all other activities that weaken your lungs.

When to consult a doctor:

If you undergo signs or symptoms of Covid 19 (corona virus disease) or you have been in contact with someone diseased with Covid 19, please contact your doctor or clinic immediately for medical advice. Tell your health care advisor about your symptoms before you go for your appointment.

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